English has three separate words sole, two of them closely related. Sole ‘underneath of the foot’ [14] comes via Old French sole from Vulgar Latin *sola, a descendant of Latin solea ‘sandal, sill’ (a possible relative of English sill). And this in turn was derived from Latin solum ‘ground, sole of the foot’ (a possible contributor to English soil). Sole ‘flatfish’ [14] was independently borrowed from Old French sole in 467 son the sense ‘flatfish’, a metaphorical extension based on the similarity in shape between the fish and the sole of the foot. Sole ‘only’ [14] comes via Old French soul (ancestor of modern French seul ‘only, sole’) from Latin sōlus ‘alone, single’. The origins of this are uncertain, but it may be related to the pronoun ‘oneself’, in which case it could mean etymologically ‘by oneself’. Its other contributions to English include desolate [14], soliloquy [17], solitary [14], solo [17] (via Italian), and sullen. => SILL; DESOLATE, SOLITARY, SOLO, SULLEN
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   The word for the bottom of the foot or a shoe goes back to Latin solea, 'sandal,' itself probably related to solum, 'ground.' The fish called sole gets its name from its flat elongated shape, which resembles that of such a sandal.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • sole — sole …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • sole — 1. (so l ) s. f. Plaque cornée formant la partie inférieure du sabot chez le cheval, l âne, le mulet, le cerf, etc. et située entre le bord inférieur de la paroi, la fourchette et les arcs boutants qui l entourent.    Terme de maréchalerie. Sole… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Sole — may refer to: Contents 1 Business 2 Fish 3 People 4 O …   Wikipedia

  • sole — [səʊl ǁ soʊl] adjective [only before a noun] 1. a sole thing or person is the only one: • The company s sole business is software that blocks spam. • He became the sole owner of an investment management firm. 2. a sole responsibility, duty, right …   Financial and business terms

  • Sole — Sole, n. [F. sole, L. solea; so named from its flat shape. See {Sole} of the foot.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) Any one of several species of flatfishes of the genus {Solea} and allied genera of the family {Soleid[ae]}, especially the common European species… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sole — (s[=o]l), n. [AS. sole, fr. L. soolea (or rather an assumed L. sola), akin to solumround, soil, sole of the foot. Cf. {Exile}, {Saloon}, {Soil} earth, {Sole} the fish.] 1. The bottom of the foot; hence, also, rarely, the foot itself. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sole — / sole/ s.m. [lat. sōl sōlis ]. 1. (astron.) a. (con iniziale maiusc.) [la stella attorno alla quale gravitano i corpi del sistema planetario di cui fa parte la Terra: il giro della Terra intorno al S.]. b. (estens.) [ogni corpo celeste di forma… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • sole — {{hw}}{{sole}}{{/hw}}(con iniziale maiuscola nell uso scientifico e astronomico) s. m. 1 (astron.) La stella più vicina alla Terra attorno alla quale orbitano i pianeti con i loro satelliti: i raggi del –S; levata, tramonto del Sole | Sotto il –s …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • sole — sole1 [sōl] n. [OFr < VL * sola, for L solea, sandal, sole, kind of fish < solum, sole, base, ground, bottom] 1. the bottom surface of the foot 2. the part of a shoe, boot, sock, etc. corresponding to this 3. the bottom surface of any of… …   English World dictionary

  • Sole — Sole, a. [L. solus, or OF. sol, F. seul (fr. L. solus; cf. L. sollus whole, entire. Cf. {Desolate}, {Solemn}, {Solo}, {Sullen}.] 1. Being or acting without another; single; individual; only. The sole son of my queen. Shak. [1913 Webster] He, be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solé — ist der Name bzw. ein Namensbestandteil von Robert Solé (*1946), französischer Journalist und Schriftsteller Joan Massagué Solé (*1953), katalanischer Pharmakologe und Krebsforscher Jordi Solé Tura (1930–2009), spanischer Politiker Rafael Bardem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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